jaw pain physiotherapy in Newmarket

Physiotherapy for Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ)

There are several causes of Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ) and many people often suffer from a combination of them rather just one cause. TMJ is basically pain or tenderness in the jaw and surrounding area and it’s quite common since it’s the most used joint in your body. Your jaw joints are used for such routine daily activities like breathing, talking and eating. TMJ can lead to Tinnitus, headaches, cramps, dizziness, upper neck pain and ear pain and be painful when talking and eating.

What Causes Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ)?

The pain from TMJ could originally be caused by a blow to the jaw area, whiplash, stress, infections, tumours, as well as overuse of the the jaw muscles or from grinding or clenching your teeth. In addition, if the joint’s cartilage is worn down it can cause pain and another cause could be arthritis. Furthermore, you may suffer from TMJ if you have your wisdom teeth removed. But on the bright side, the condition can often be treated with physiotherapy as it will help reduce the pain and stiffness and will restore normal mobility and function to the jaw area.

Treating Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ)

Some of the things you can do yourself to relieve the condition are to ice the area, massage the joint and the surrounding muscles and take painkilling medication. Regular exercise can also be beneficial and it’s generally recommended that you avoid chewy, hard foods and stick to eating soft food for the time being. It’s also important that you practice proper posture when sitting and lying down as bad posture can strain your neck by stretching the ligaments and tissues in the jaw.

If you notice that you are suffering from any symptoms of TMJ or your jaw clicks or pops and you have a hard time opening it you may want to seek help from a licensed therapist for treatment to this musculoskeletal disorder. At Spectrum Physiotherapy we will be able to assess your condition and find the root of your problem. We may enlist the aid of things such as an MRI, CT scan and/or dental X-rays when diagnosing your condition.

Your therapist will be able to test the range of motion in your jaw as well as muscle length and tension. We will be able to conclude if you are suffering from arthritis, disc displacement, stiffness, muscle disorder, hyper-mobility, or a posture issue. The specific type of treatment you’ll receive at Spectrum Physiotherapy will depend on the clinical diagnosis. We will devise a personalized corrective treatment plan for your condition and it could include dry needling/acupuncture, ice/hear packs, electrotherapy, soft-tissue massage stretching, posture improvement and exercising.

In general, physiotherapy treatment for TMJ can help improve your condition in approximately 12 weeks and a noticeable improvement can usually come in the first few weeks of physiotherapy. At Spectrum Physiotherapy our goal is to find the exact cause of your TMJ condition and then treat it with a personalized plan to help relieve it. We will also advise you on how to deal with the issue so you don’t suffer from it again in the future.

TMJ can often be a painful and annoying condition but it’s one that you don’t have to live with since it can be easily treated. If you’d like to relieve the pain associated with TMJ and get back to your normal routine as quickly as possible contact us today to schedule an appointment..

physiotherapy massage for scar tissue - Newmarket Ontario

Physiotherapy for Scar Tissue Buildup

One of the most effective ways of breaking down scar tissue is through physiotherapy, particularly via massage therapy. Scar tissue consists of connective fibrous tissues known as collagen fibres. The primary function of these tissues is to repair the body’s damaged fibres ,but since they want to do it as quickly as possible it can result in scarring.

The elasticity of scar tissue is restrictive since it’s smaller than the muscular tissues in the body and this can result in pain. At Spectrum Physiotherapy of Newmarket, our experienced massage therapists will be able to help decrease the pain and increase the range of movement by using massage to break down scar tissue.

The most common types of massage for breaking down and treating scar tissue are deep-tissue, remedial, and sports massage. Sports massage concentrates on the body’s soft tissues. The scar tissue’s temperature is increased during massage and this helps to loosen it, making it easier to break down. This will lead to relaxation and less pain.

With a deep-tissue massage, the firm, deep pressure affects the tissues and muscle fibres and breaks down collagen fibres and adhesions which have been caused by scar tissue. Adhesions are known to increase pain, restrict movement and increase stress and deep-tissue massage helps to relieve these ailments.

Other types of physiotherapy such as trigger pointing, frictions, and acupressure can also help break down scar tissue. Acupressure consists of using the thumbs and fingertips to apply trigger points and pressure to certain parts of the body. The pressure restricts blood flow to these areas and the blood flow will increase with the release of pressure. Scar tissue can be broken down and softened with the application of pressure and when its’ released the rise in the flow of blood can help improve the conditions of the muscles and repair damage.

Frictions also involve the act of applying pressure to muscle fibres with the thumbs and/or fingertips. This method is applied to dry skin to help break down collagen fibres which are formed by scar tissue. The muscle” temperature is increased to break down and loosen the fibres. In trigger pointing, trigger points have pressure applied to them to create a numbing sensation where muscles and nerves meet. This also helps increase your blood flow to help repair any damaged tissues.

Scar tissue is common following surgery as it builds up as a way of helping repair muscle tissues and fibres that have been damaged. It’s also commonly caused by injuries and burns and can affect people psychologically as well as physically. It typically has a psychological affect since scar tissue tends to have a different colour than the shade of normal skin, making its appearance more visible and noticeable.

The tissue can be broken down though through increased oxygenation and temperature as it helps to realign the shape of collagen fibres as they become more flexible because of increased elasticity.

Scars aren’t always visible to the naked eye as they can form from injuries such as pulling and spraining muscles. The fibres may be torn but scarring can’t be seen since it’s covered by your skin.

Since scar tissue can lead to tension, pain, immobility, stress, dysfunction, and restrict your circulation you may want to consider physiotherapy as a way to treat it.

At Spectrum Physiotherapy, we will help break down scar tissue through massaging, strengthening, exercising and stretching the affected areas. Circulation can be promoted with the right amount of tension and painful areas can be desensitized. If you are interested in physiotherapy for scar tissue buildup and live in the Newmarket area, contact us today to learn how we can help.

Physiotherapy for Tennis Injuries

Physiotherapy after Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery

Surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff most often involves re-attaching the tendon to the head of humerus (upper arm bone). A partial tear, however, may need only a trimming or smoothing procedure called a debridement. A complete tear is repaired by stitching the tendon back to its original site on the humerus.

Rotator Cuff repairs are always accompanied by a physiotherapy protocol. This protocol ensures the proper recovery from the procedure. Physiotherapy after a Rotator Cuff repair will help reduce pain and swelling, help regain full range of motion over time, and help the patient regain strength in their shoulder joint.  After the surgery, the shoulder will be immobilized (put in a sling) for about 7 to 10 days in order to allow the tissues heal. This is followed by light physiotherapy focused on passive range of motions for 6 six weeks. Therapy gradually becomes more aggressive as you tissues continue to heal and your range of motion improves. Physiotherapy will focus more on strengthening and Active Range of Motion.

Our staff are very experienced in treating patients recovering for Rotator Cuff Repair Surgery. Although there is a general timeline for the recovery of this kind of surgery. We acknowledge that factors such as age, and health history make every patient is different. We assess your abilities each visit and base our treatment on your progress. Our physiotherapists take special care to ensure that you rehab is no too aggressive nor too passive. We work diligently to get our patients back to normal as efficiently as possible.

Spectrum Physiotherapy provides customized physiotherapy treatment after rotator cuff surgery.  Contact us today to learn more.

Physiotherapy for Running Injuries

Physiotherapy Before & After Knee Replacement

In total knee replacement surgery, the ends of the damaged thigh and lower leg (shin) bones and sometimes the kneecap are capped with artificial surfaces. These surfaces are made of metal and plastic. The plastic acts like hard cartilage, helping your joint to move freely. The metal and plastic parts of the artificial joint allow your knee to bend while also making it more stable.

Physiotherapy plays a major role in the pre-operative and post-operative process. Before the procedure, it is important to focus on strengthening the muscles around the joint that is to be replaced. This will increase the chances of optimal recovery from surgery. Your orthopedic surgeon may prescribe exercises or recommend physiotherapy before your surgery. Our staff will be able to demonstrate what exercises should be done and how to properly execute them to minimize pain and the risk of injury.

Physiotherapy after surgery focuses on regaining full range of motion and recovering strength in the muscles of the knee. Our physiotherapists can prescribe stretches and active exercises to improve range of motion. They will also demonstrate and supervise strengthening programs to maximize recovery. Our staff can also administer modalities and manual therapy to minimize pain and swelling after the surgery.

Spectrum Physiotherapy provides customized physiotherapy treatment before and after knee replacement surgery.  Contact us today to learn more.

Custom Orthotics in Newmarket Ontario

Physiotherapy After Open Reduction Internal Fixatio Surgery (ORIF)

If a bone is broken (fracture), and moves out of position, you may need to undergo open reduction internal fixation surgery (ORIF). Physiotherapy after open reduction internal fixation surgery is important for the injury to heal properly and efficiently. Open Reduction is the surgical realignment of broken bones. Internal fixation refers to the fixation of screws and / or plates to promote healing.

Physiotherapy after open reduction internal fixation surgery will increase the success of the surgery, reduce pain and stiffness, aid the healing process and improve mobility and function in the forearm. Our physiotherapists will help you achieve the return of full or near to full function whilst also helping to prevent any future problems occurring. Rehabilitation can take 4 months or longer after you have had ORIF surgery depending on the severity of the injury.

Common ORIF Surgeries:

  • Fractures of the forearm (Radius and Ulna)
  • Fracture of the Femur
  • Tibial Plateau Fracture
  • Ankle fracture

Spectrum Physiotherapy provides customized physiotherapy treatment after Open Reduction Internal Fixatio Surgery.  Contact us today to learn more.

arthritis pain newmarket physiotherapy

Can Physiotherapy Help with Arthritis?

Thankfully, people who suffer from arthritis can be treated and find pain relief through various forms of therapy. Since physiotherapists are specially trained in the diagnosis and treatment of joint and muscle ailments, they are able to help most patients with arthritic problems.

At Spectrum Physiotherapy, our team of professionals will discuss your medical history and examine the areas of the body which are giving you pain. The assessment will then allow us to come up with an effective treatment plan for your personal needs.

Managing Arthritis Pain

It’s easier to manage arthritis pain if you understand how and why it affects your muscles and joints. The pain be may centralized in one particular part of the body and it could also affect more than just one area. Since there are several types of arthritis there are several types of physiotherapy which can treat it and help you return to your normal daily routine as soon as possible.

These may include stretching, exercises, ice packs/heat, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation machines (TENS), acupuncture, manipulation, taping, braces, splints, shoe inserts, walking aids and manual therapy.

Ice packs are often used to help soothe the swollen joints while heat packs are ideal for relaxing the tired and tense muscles. In some instances, temporary splints are used on the joints if you suffer from an attack of rheumatoid arthritis. TENS machines can be effective since they send electronic pulses to the endings of your nerves to neutralize the pain signal.

med clinic

Physiotherapy for Arthritis

Physical massage is good for helping relax the stiff muscles and making the movement of the joints much more comfortable. Hydrotherapy pools are also ideal for some arthritis sufferers since exercises can be performed in warm water where it’s generally easier to move. You weight is supported by the water and the heat soothes the joints and muscles.

The type of treatment each patient will receive depends on their unique condition. We will also advise you on what is causing the pain and what specific actions may be increasing it. It’s important that you don’t overdo some types of physical activity, but it’s just as important that you don’t sit idle. Your therapist will be able to find the perfect balance between activity and rest to help treat your condition.

In general, physical exercise will begin slowly and gradually increase along the way. This will enable your joints and muscles to strengthen at a gradual pace and will also improve your stamina and overall fitness level. You will be able to increase your level of activity without an increase in arthritic aches and pains. In addition, exercising will also help reduce the pain as it stimulates your body’s production of endorphins, which are pain-relieving hormones.

It’s essential to stay active to a certain degree if you have arthritis since your body’s joints were designed for movement and the surrounding tissues and muscles will typically become weaker if they aren’t put to use. If this happens, the joints could become unstable which in turn will affect your mobility. Once your muscles strengthen and the range of movement returns to your joints you will be able to enjoy and perform more of your regular daily activities.

Our physiotherapists at Spectrum Physiotherapy will be able to help restore the mobility and strength of the affected joints as well as maintain your fitness at the same time. We provide physiotherapy in Newmarket and the surrounding area for Arthritis as well as other chronic medical conditions.Each individualized treatment plan is designed to improve flexibility, balance and coordination. For more information on physiotherapy for arthritis please feel free to contact us at your convenience.

physiotherapy for nerve pain injuries in newmarket ontario

Can Physiotherapy Help With Nerve Pain?

There are numerous types of nerve pain with the most common being pins and needles, numbness and Sciatica. The condition typically affects the legs, hands, feet, arms and face and is often caused by pressure, lacerations and/or stretching. In general, if you’re suffering from a form of nerve pain the symptoms could include tingling/prickling, sensitivity, pain, throbbing, aching, stabbing, burning and weakness. When suffering from peripheral nerve damage it’s commonly known as peripheral neuropathy.


The 3 Major Types of Nerve Injuries

There are three major types of nerve injuries which are Neuropraxia, Axonotmesis and Neurotmesis. With Neuropraxia, it results when nerve conduction is blocked, but the nerve remains intact. In Axonotmesis it means the internal nerve is damaged, but the outer nerve is fine. Neurotmesis is the most serious type of nerve condition as it occurs when the nerve is ruptured.

In some cases the nerve can recover, but if it is lacerated then it may result in permanent damage. Since nerves in adults can grow approximately an inch every four weeks they often compress and cause pain in the spine. When suffering from nerve pain it’s recommended to visit a doctor for a professional evaluation. If the condition is confirmed it can be effectively treated through various physiotherapy techniques.

Beautify Agency Med Spa St. Louis

How Physiotherapy Can Help With Nerve Pain

At Spectrum Physiotherapy of Newmarket, our aim is to help restore function and movement to the affected areas. This can be achieved through a number of methods and exercises which can be performed at our clinic and/or at home. These methods include manual therapy, TENS (electronic stimulation), ultrasound, acupuncture, orthotics, braces, exercise and stretching, and vestibular physiotherapy etc.

Our professional team of physiotherapists will help you maintain your muscle strength as well as improve your coordination, balance and gait when suffering from nerve pain. Specific body exercises can be performed to help relieve the pain and strengthen your muscles as you regain range of motion. In addition, ultrasound treatment is often used as a way to stimulate circulation in the muscle tissues as it can effectively speed up the recovery and healing time.

We will be able to identify the origin and cause of your nerve damage through initial testing and determine what your functional levels are. Things we look for include pain, range of motion, muscular weakness and balance impairments. After the testing and diagnosis, we will be able to design a therapy program that is suited to your specific condition and needs.

The emphasis of the therapy techniques is to remove pressure from the affected areas. This can be done by restoring normal movement to the joints and soft tissues. Circulation is improved while the nerves are stimulated and this helps restore normal function while reducing pain.

If the surrounding muscles are constricting a nerve it is typically known as a pinched nerve. This often occurs in the neck area and can be caused by bad posture. In these instances, our physiotherapists will help you with proper posture and prescribe exercises to relieve the pain.

If the nerve has too much pressure on it then it’s known as nerve compression or a compressed nerve. This can be the result of enlarged blood vessels, herniated discs and/or spinal injuries. In this case, the nerve’s root is compressed and it can lead to a reduced feeling of sensation and in serious instances even paralysis. Some of the common symptoms include slurred speech, muscle weakness and difficulty in moving.

One way to treat this condition is to place pressure on specific areas of the body to help alleviate the pressure on the nerves. Nerve-gliding techniques can also be used to help the nerves bend more easily. If you’re suffering from damaged nerve endings then massage therapy may be the best answer since it will help increase your blood circulation and heal the nerve. In addition, massage therapy can help reduce the pain by releasing endorphins in your body.


About Spectrum Physiotherapy

Spectrum Physiotherapy is a Physiotherapy clinic located in Newmarket, Ontario.  We specialize in advanced physiotherapy treatment for nerve related injuries and illnesses. For more information on the different types of nerve damage and how therapy can help remedy the situation please feel free to contact us today to learn more about our clinic.

Physiotherapy for Tennis Injuries

Physiotherapy for Tennis Injuries

Since the sport of tennis demands speed, agility, power, and aerobic fitness from participants, it’s not uncommon for players to suffer from a variety of injuries. One way to reduce the chance of an injury is to understand exactly why and how they occur. We’ll take a look at some of the most common tennis injuries and explain how physiotherapy can help you get back on the court as soon as possible. Many injuries are the result of repetition as essential joints, tendons, and muscle groups are often overused. Other injuries are often caused by acute incidents or specific trauma. Overuse injuries generally affect the arms, knees, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, rotator cuffs, lower back, and/or ankles because of constant pivoting and direction changes.


Tennis Elbow

Probably the most infamous injury in the sport is tennis elbow, which is technically known as lateral epicondylitis. This injury is the result of inflamed forearm tendons close to the elbow. The tendon tissue is typically damaged from constantly gripping the racquet.


Strains and Stress Fractures

Stress fractures and muscle and ligament strains aren’t restricted to tennis players as they’re common in most sports. It’s common for the muscles to tire and wear down from overexertion and this places more stress on other areas of the body. A muscle can strain due to a quick and/or sudden movement on the court and can usually be treated with rest, ice compression, and elevation, which is known as the RICE principle. If the muscle tear or strain doesn’t respond to RICE, its recommended that you visit a medical professional for advice, including a physiotherapist.


At Spectrum Physiotherapy we can help by improving your endurance, balance, agility, flexibility, mobility, and strength through specific exercise programs such as isometric exercises. These exercises are designed to help the muscles build up a load tolerance tiring the muscles or causing pain. Our team of experienced therapists can also analyze and help improve your tennis technique to cut down on injuries. We’ll be able to show you how to make sure your individual joints aren’t being overloaded or overused. It’s important to fully and properly rehabilitate after a tennis injury to make sure there’s no recurrence of it.


We’ll be able to correctly diagnose your medical condition and create a unique and personalized rehabilitation program which is designed specifically for you. Your joints and soft tissues will be examined and we’ll be able to help relieve the tightness, stiffness, and pain. Some of the hands-on techniques which may be used include RICE, acupuncture, taping, strapping, massage, strengthening exercises, stretching, yoga, medication, orthotics, ultrasound, and TENS machines etc. As well as treating your injury, we’ll be able to offer advice on the type of tennis equipment you should be using.


For instance, the type of racquet used and the string tension should be suitable for your size, experience, and style of play. You also need to make sure you’re wearing the right type of footwear for the courts you play on. If you’re feet don’t properly grip the surface you could easily suffer a lower-body such as a strain, sprain, tear or fracture. In some instances it may be recommended that you perform exercises to correct your foot arch or wear orthotics. Some players should also learn how to brace or tape certain areas of their body to help reduce the chance of a joint injury. Remember, that the proper preparation for tennis is important. You should always stretch, warm up and cool down and maintain an adequate level of fitness.


Like all other sports, you can basically suffer any type of injury while playing tennis as the possibilities are endless. Your goal is to then have it properly diagnosed and treated to you can return to your normal activities. You may have a common or uncommon tennis injury, but whatever it is, our team of therapists at Spectrum Physiotherapy of Newmarket will help you fully rehabilitate and have you back on the court as quickly as possible.


Physiotherapy for Work Related Injuries

To help you return to work as quickly as possible, our team of professional physical therapists at Spectrum Physiotherapy of Newmarket will thoroughly diagnose and assess your condition and then implement specific exercises and physical therapy techniques to speed up the recovery process. For example, you may be assigned certain exercises which simulate your workplace requirements. We can also identify the risks for any work-related musculoskeletal disorders and recommend modifications which may help you work productively and safely within your physical limits.


You may be required to undergo a functional capacity evaluation which helps analyze your ability to carry out certain common work-related tasks including pulling, pushing, carrying, lifting, kneeling, stooping, stair climbing, squatting, bending, overhead reaching, and crawling etc. We’ll be able to assess your functional abilities and how compatible they are with your specific job. Our therapists will help reduce further injuries by instructing you on the proper techniques for these physical tasks.


If you’re not quite 100 percent, you may be recommended to perform light duties or transitional work until you’re fully recovered and ready to return your regular duties. We work hand in hand with each patient to come up with a unique and individualized therapy program to help alleviate any pain and speed up the recovery process. You can always depend on Fit Physiotherapy for hands-on, personalized treatment. Some of the most common work-related injuries we treat include strains, sprains, tendonitis, carpal tunnel, contusions, dislocations, fractures, whiplash, herniated discs, soft tissue injuries, concussions and Hematoma.


The type of personal treatment program designed for you depends on the specific type of injury suffered. There are several different types of physiotherapy techniques to help in your recovery and rehabilitation such as deep-tissue massage, heat and cold, acupuncture, ultrasound, and TENS machines (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation). You may also be given exercises to perform to help improve your strength, flexibility, agility, endurance, and stamina etc.


It’s important to remember that you should always report a workplace accident as soon as it happens in case you’re covered by medical insurance for treatments. Be sure to visit a doctor or other medical professional to have the condition fully diagnosed and assessed. At Spectrum Physiotherapy of Newmarket we have worked closely with numerous patients who have suffered work-related injuries over the years and are confident we can help you return to your daily activities as soon as possible

Physiotherapy for Running Injuries

Physiotherapy for Running Injuries


When it comes to common types of sports injuries, problems associated with running ranks right near the top. It’s estimated that 8 out of 10 runners have experienced some sort of injury or another while participating in the sport. The most common are related to aches, pains, inflammation, sprains, overuse, and musculoskeletal issues. One of the main reasons for this is because every time the foot of a runner hits the ground it creates a force equivalent to approximately three times their body weight. Since each person possesses unique biomechanics and they have their own nutritional programs, running often becomes more of a science when you factor in other specifics such as hydration, terrain, and shoes etc.


Common Running Injuries
Some of the more common running injuries include back pain, hip flexors, tight muscles, nerve and joint irritation, groin pain, bursitis, pelvic pain, shin splints, knee problems, cartilage, muscle, and ligament tears, Achilles issues, Plantar Fasciitis, Sesamoiditis, and Metarsalgia. Some of these problems can simply be caused from running on hard ground to inappropriate footwear. But no matter what type of injury you’ve suffered while running and how it was caused we can always help treat it at Spectrum Physiotherapy and have you back in action as soon as possible.


Physiotherapy for Running Injuries
Physiotherapy is seen as an effective way of treating the running-injury symptoms since it gets to the source of the issue and can help reduce the chances of it recurring. We thoroughly assess the biomechanics of your body to help diagnose the underlying root of the injury. Once we’ve determined exactly what the problem is and how it was caused, we can create a unique, personalized treatment program to help you heal. If the problem is due to abnormal foot biomechanics then you may be recommended to use custom-made insoles (orthoses) to help correct the issue.


If you’re suffering from joint and/or soft tissue injuries, then manual therapy is often the best type of treatment as it can reduce both muscle tension and scar tissue. This will help restore the flexibility and strength to the affected areas as well as help improve the joint control and muscle balance. Rehabilitation often work wonders for running injuries and our experienced team of physiotherapists will be able to advise you when your body is ready to return to its normal running routine. We will also be able to help prevent any further running-related injuries. A complete biomechanical diagnosis of your body can help detect any potential areas for problems.


Your mobility, posture, tissue and muscle flexibility, and joint position will be fully assessed along with your gait and core control. After this assessment, we can design a program which will address any issues for potential running-related injuries. Remember, it’s recommended that you don’t increase your running workload, intensity, and distance at a dramatic pace. It’s better to increase it gradually so the body can build up its strength and endurance. Your running technique and footwear are also important factors to staying healthy and injury-free.


At Spectrum Physiotherapy, we recommend a proper warm up and cool down routine after running and to consult a medical professional as soon as you believe there’s something wrong. If pain or injury is ignored it may become more serious over time. If you’re experiencing discomfort before, during or after your running routine please feel free to contact us at your convenience for a full assessment and treatment program via physiotherapy.